Livestock diseases are the major problems within the livestock production systems, and both dairy cows and calves are susceptible to respiratory diseases which are usually caused by viral and bacterial agent, and this includes:
- Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV).
- Bovine respiratory syncitial Virus (BRSV)
- Bovine respiratory syncitial virus (BRSV)
- Mycoplasma species
- Haemophilus somnus, etc.
These diseases can affect their reproductive system, loss of weight, loss of pregnancy, and low productive capacity. Therefore, it is important for livestock farmers to ensure proper biosecurity practices to prevent introduction of the virus or bacterial into their farms.
Preventive measures to avoid respiratory diseases in the farms include:
- Proper sanitation of livestock pens, and equipments.
- Quarantining of both the infected farms and newly purchased animals into existing stock.
- Provide adequate housing.
- Provide adequate ventilation.
- Avoid overcrowding.
- Provide adequate nutrition.
- Proper vaccination and
- Avoid stressing the animals.
But if any of the viral or bacterial agents has already occurred in the farm, contact a Veterinary Doctor.
Image source: www.muscleandfitness.com
This post was originally published at Agric Arena and has been republished with permission.